He died in ; three years into his granddaughter Abigail Smith's marriage to John Adams, and his interest in government and his career in public service influenced her. One of her great-great-great-great grandmothers came from a Welsh family. Her well-researched ancestral roots precede her birth some six centuries and are traced back to royal lines in France, Germany, Belgium, Hungary, Holland, Spain, Italy, Ireland and Switzerland. Religious Affiliation: Congregationalist; she was buried in the Unitarian faith of her husband.
Education: Although Abigail Adams was later known for advocating an education in the public schools for girls that was equal to that given to boys, she herself had no formal education. She was taught to read and write at home, and given access to the extensive libraries of her father and maternal grandfather, taking a special interest in philosophy, theology, Shakespeare, the classics, ancient history, government and law.
Occupation before Marriage: No documentation exists to suggest any involvement of Abigail Adams as a young woman in her father's parsonage activities. She recalled that in her earliest years, she was often in poor health.
follow link Reading and corresponding with family and friends occupied most of her time as a young woman. She did not play cards, sing or dance. Marriage: 19 years old, married , October 25 to John Adams, lawyer , in Smith family home, Weymouth, Massachusetts, wed in matrimony by her father, the Reverend Smith.
After the ceremony, they drove in a horse and carriage to a cottage that stood beside the one where John Adams had been born and raised. This became their first home. They moved to Boston in a series of rented homes before buying a large farm, "Peacefield," in , while John Adams was Minister to Great Britain. Children: Three sons and two daughters;. Occupation after Marriage: Abigail Adams gave birth to her first child ten days shy of nine months after her marriage, thus working almost immediately as a mother. She also shared with her husband the management of the household finances and the farming of their property for sustenance, while he also practiced law in the nearby city of Boston.
The separation prompted the start of a lifelong correspondence between them, forming not only a rich archive that reflected the evolution of a marriage of the Revolutionary and Federal eras, but a chronology of the public issues debated and confronted by the new nation's leaders. The letters reflect not only Abigail Adams' reactive advice to the political contentions and questions that John posed to her, but also her own observant reporting of New England newspapers' and citizens' response to legislation and news events of the American Revolution.
As the colonial fight for independence from the mother country ensued, Abigail Adams was appointed by the Massachusetts Colony General Court in , along with Mercy Warren and the governor's wife Hannah Winthrop to question their fellow Massachusetts women who were charged by their word or action of remaining loyal to the British crown and working against the independence movement.
This was the first instance of a First Lady who held any quasi-official government position.
As the Second Continental Congress drew up and debated the Declaration of Independence through , Abigail Adams began to press the argument in letters to her husband that the creation of a new form of government was an opportunity to make equitable the legal status of women to that of men. Despite her inability to convince him of this, the text of those letters became some of the earliest known writings calling for women's equal rights. Separated from her husband when he left for his diplomatic service as minister to France, and then to England in , she kept him informed of domestic politics while he confided international affairs to her.
She joined him in , exploring France and England, received in the latter nation by the king. Upon their return, during John Adams' tenure as the first Vice President , Abigail Adams spent part of the year in the capital cities of New York and Philadelphia, while Congress was in session. Presidential Campaign and Inauguration: As much of her political role was conducted in correspondence, so too was Abigail Adams's active interest in her husband's two presidential campaigns, in and , when his primary challenger was their close friend, anti-Federalist Thomas Jefferson.
Caring for her husband's dying mother Abigail Adams was unable to attend his March 4, inaugural ceremony in Philadelphia. She was highly conscious, however, of how their lives would change that day, with "a sense of the obligations, the important trusts, and numerous duties connected with it. Knowing that her every word, be it written or spoken, would be examined, criticized, ridiculed and used against the new Administration, she caught herself in the middle of writing one political missive.
I fear I shall make a dull business when such restrictions are laid upon it. Not long after Adams had been elected, Mrs. Adams admitted in still another letter.
First Lady: , March 4 - , March 4 52 years old. She nonetheless made a strong impression on the press and public. When she looked directly at Alexander Hamilton while speaking to him, for example, she declared that she had just" looked into the eyes of the devil himself. Highly conscious of her position as the president's wife, Abigail Adams saw her role largely as a hostess for the public and partisan symbol of the Federalist Party. Abigail Adams made no attempt to hide her contempt for the Anti-Federalists loyal to Jefferson who looked for any chance to publicly attack the Federalist followers of Adams.
Many women began to question their place in society, including Abigail Adams.
I long to hear that you have declared an independancy—and by the way in the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favourable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands.
Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could. If perticuliar care and attention is not paid to the Laidies we are determined to foment a Rebelion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice, or Representation. Abigail was making her purpose clear and made sure it was known that women would no longer stand for unfair and unjust treatment.
Abigail continued to fight for the rights of women for the rest of her life. Although she was most known for her strong tone in her letters, she was also a major advocate for the right of education for women. Abigail became one of the most literate and politically-powerful women of her time. Abigail was able to maintain the perfect image of the domestic housewife, mother, and First Lady to the President of the United States.
Abigail tread a path for women which is still being followed today. Hopefully her beliefs and visions for the equality of women will one day come true.
Essay Abigail Adams American first lady Abigail Adams helped plant the seeds that would start women and men thinking about women's rights and. Essay Abigail Adams Abigail Adams was a unique women because she had an education and an interest in politics. She learned how to read and write and.
Nice article. It is unfortunate that many of her calls went unheeded in her own lifetime. It is ironic that our founding fathers used enlightenment ideals to justify their break with the United Kingdom, but they did not wholely believe in equality for all especially women and African Americans. Women made such important contributions the war effort during the war for independence, but that sadly went unrecognized and unappreciated. It is a shame that back then men even saw them as a nuisance.
I have high respects for women and even higher respects for women who advocate for women. I am so amazed by women at the beginning of the United States.
Overall, I love this article because now I have a greater respect for her. This article worked to perfection at clarifying in detail bulge how astonishing Abigail Adams was. Its great to see a woman in the early times of Americas inception, that fought for the rights and equality of woman. She definitely had a spotlight and voice to be heard by possibly the most powerful men in America, he husband the President of the United States. There was definitely some impact on the rights of woman during that time but I believe she set a precedence for the position of first lady making a difference in future presidencies as it has.
This makes her a pioneer among woman in the advancement of their voices being heard and making a difference in American society. Before reading this article I knew that Abigail Adams was an advocate for women. Prior to this article I did not know much of what made her be such a strong advocate for women. It was interesting to learn about events that made her want to advocate for women.
Being the wife of the President made her have more of a significant impact as a woman advocate. This article did great in describing Abigail Adams. The fact that she was able to keep up the perfect housewife image and speaking her thoughts shows how she really did want change. We can do what they can do. Today men still think women should just stay home and take care of children and clean, but no. We have many higher up women in politics proving to men we are just the same.
Abigail had already a status and she could potentially keep quiet and lived comfortably instead she decided to be a voice and make an echo. I did not know about the Adams, i thought this was going to be about Abigail, from the Salem Witch Trials. I am so amazed at how intelligent she was. In those times i am sure that finding someone like Abigail was extremely rare. Women were so deprived of knowledge and its so sad to see that at one pont in time all men expected women to stay at home and cook and clean.
I am happy that now women can work hard to achieve their goals. This article did a great job at explaining in detail jut how amazing Abigail Adams was. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. A Student Organization of St. Mary's University of San Antonio Texas.